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Berlin - Hiroshima / Kusatsu

German - Japanese Collaboration in Computational Neuroscience

Heterogeneity of the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus: Quantification, Simulation, and Functional Analysis
(funded by DFG and JST)

The outstanding challenge of circadian biology has been and remains the understanding of the mechanisms of behavioural and psychological adaptation to changes in the light-dark cycles. Such changes can be either rather abrupt, as in the case of jet lag phase shift; or they can be seasonal which sometimes causes mood disorders as seasonal affected disorder (SAD). In mammals, including humans, the circadian rhythm of the whole body is modulated by a small hypothalamic region called suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). Recently, we have found that the SCN features a rich heterogeneity not only in variations in neuropeptide contents but also in distribution of intrinsic circadian periods which are surprisingly well-structured and labile to external input of light duration (Myung et al , 2012). Yet, the strength of coupling among SCN neurons can determine the fate of their overall rhythmicity in response to external driving (Abraham et al , 2010). Both results provide new clues to unravel the mechanism of how light information is coded in the SCN through controlled management of its heterogeneity. However, the sheer number of neurons available for simultaneous recording and the size of parameter set as a result make it impossible to tackle this challenge without computational methods and advanced non-linear mathematical techniques such as bifurcation analysis. We aim to supplement each other with respective specialities in computational and theoretical biology (Germany) and molecular and systems biology (Japan).

 


The following scientists take part in this collaboration:

  • Dr. Grigory Bordyugov, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin
  • Prof. Hanspeter Herzel, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
  • Prof. Achim Kramer, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin
  • Prof. Henning Sprekeler, Humboldt-Universität and Bernstein Center Berlin
  • Prof. Toru Takumi Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan
  • Dr. Jihwan Myung, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan
  • Dr. Isao Tokuda, Risumeikan University, Kusatsu, Japan

 

German Coordinator:

Dr. Grigory Bordyugov
Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin
Charitéplatz   1  
10117 Berlin

Tel.: +49 (0)30 2093 9121
e-mail: Grigory.Bordyugov@hu-berlin.de

 

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